Oral and Dental Health Polyclinic
  1. 🦷
  2. »
  3. Health Corner
  4. »
  5. Causes of Bad Breath and Ways of Prevention

Causes of Bad Breath and Ways of Prevention

Bad breath is defined as an unpleasant odour and usually occurs as an odour emanating from the mouth and surrounding tissues. It may have negative effects on social relations in daily life and may cause loss of self-confidence in the person.

Causes of Bad Breath

The causes of bad breath can be varied and are often related to the health of the mouth, teeth and digestive system. Here are some common causes that can lead to bad breath:

1. Oral Hygiene: Inadequate oral hygiene can cause plaque build-up between the teeth and on the gums. Plaque can lead to the proliferation of bacteria and bad odour. Therefore, regular tooth brushing, flossing and tongue cleaning are important.

2. Dental Problems: Dental caries, gum disease and gingivitis can cause bad breath. These conditions usually cause bacteria and germs to multiply in the teeth and gums.

3. Dry Mouth: Reduced saliva secretion can cause bad breath. Saliva cleans and neutralises bacteria in the mouth. In case of dry mouth, these effects may decrease and bad breath may occur.

4. Smoking and Alcohol: Smoking and drinking alcohol can cause bad breath. Consumption of these substances can cause bad odours in the mouth and can lead to dry mouth.

5. Food and Drinks: Some foods and drinks can cause bad breath. Especially after the consumption of odorous foods such as garlic and onion, bad breath can be seen commonly.

6. Digestive Problems: Digestive system problems such as reflux and stomach ulcers can also cause bad breath. These conditions may be caused by problems in the digestive system and other symptoms may be seen along with bad breath.

7. Systemic Diseases: Some systemic diseases can also cause bad breath. For example, conditions such as diabetes, kidney diseases, liver diseases can cause bad breath.

Treatment of Bad Breath

1. Tooth and Gum Treatment: Treatment of dental caries and gum diseases can prevent bad breath.

2. Attention to Oral Hygiene: Regular tooth brushing, flossing and tongue cleaning can reduce bad breath.

3. Diet and Lifestyle Changes: Avoiding odorous foods, reducing smoking and alcohol consumption can prevent bad breath.

4. Doctor Checks: If there are digestive system problems, they should be treated under the supervision of a doctor.

Ways to Prevent Bad Breath

There are several effective ways to prevent bad breath and usually include regular oral and dental health routines. You can follow the steps below to prevent bad breath:

  1. Regular Tooth Brushing: Brush your teeth at least twice a day, preferably after meals. Choosing the right brush and toothpaste is important.
  2. Use Dental Floss: Remove plaque and debris between the teeth with tools such as dental floss or interdental brush.
  3. Tongue Cleaning: Bacteria accumulated on the tongue surface can also cause bad breath. Therefore, it is important to clean the tongue. You can clean your tongue with a toothbrush or tongue cleaner.
  4. Mouthwash: If you have bad breath, you can use antimicrobial mouthwashes. These types of mouthwash can help reduce bacteria in the mouth.
  5. Regular Dental Checkups: It is important to go to your dentist regularly. By having your dental and gum health checked, you can detect potential problems early.
  6. Healthy Diet: It is important to avoid certain foods and drinks that can cause bad breath. It may be especially useful to avoid odorous foods such as garlic and onions.
  7. Preventing Dry Mouth: Drinking plenty of water and chewing sugar-free gum that will increase saliva secretion can prevent dry mouth.
  8. Reducing Smoking and Alcohol Consumption: Smoking and alcohol consumption can cause bad breath. Therefore, it is important to stay away from these substances or reduce consumption.

The main causes of bad breath are usually associated with oral hygiene. Therefore, developing regular and correct oral care habits is one of the most effective ways to prevent bad breath. If bad breath persists, it is important to consult a dentist or doctor.

Frequently Asked Questions About Bad Breath
What is bad breath?

Bad breath is defined as an unpleasant odour coming from sources such as the mouth, teeth or digestive system.

What causes bad breath?

Bad breath can usually be caused by poor oral hygiene, dental caries, gum diseases, dry mouth, smoking, alcohol consumption, eating habits.

How to prevent bad breath?

Regular tooth brushing, flossing, tongue cleaning, mouthwash use, healthy eating habits and regular dental check-ups are important to prevent bad breath.

How is halitosis treatment performed?

Halitosis treatment basically depends on the cause of the odour. By determining the root cause, it can be treated with methods such as dental treatments, correction of oral hygiene habits, tongue cleaning.

Does bad breath cause pain?

Bad breath usually does not cause physical pain. However, bad breath may be a symptom of underlying health problems such as gum diseases.

How does bad breath go away?

Bad breath can be cured depending on the root cause. Therefore, it is important to determine and treat the root cause in consultation with the dentist.

Is bad breath genetic?

Bad breath is not genetic. It usually occurs due to factors such as poor oral hygiene, dental and gum diseases.

Does bad breath come from the intestines?

Bad breath is usually caused by bacteria in the mouth. However, digestive system problems can also cause bad breath.

Is bad breath caused by antibiotic use?

Antibiotic use can cause bad breath. Antibiotics can cause bad odour by disrupting the balance of bacteria in the mouth.

Does bad breath increase during pregnancy?

Yes, bad breath may increase during pregnancy due to hormonal changes. This condition is usually temporary and improves after birth.