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Oral and Dental Health in Pregnancy

Pregnancy is an important period for expectant mothers both physically and emotionally. In this process, oral and dental health is also of great importance because oral and dental health during pregnancy can affect the health of the expectant mother as well as the health of her baby. Here are the things to know about oral and dental health during pregnancy and the precautions to be taken:

Factors Affecting Oral and Dental Health during Pregnancy

During pregnancy, there may be some changes in oral and dental health due to hormonal changes. These changes may include:

  • Gum sensitivity and bleeding: Hormonal changes can affect the gums, causing gum sensitivity and bleeding.
  • Tooth decay and bad breath: Changes in eating habits and increased sugar consumption during pregnancy can lead to tooth decay and bad breath.
  • Pregnancy gingivitis: It is a condition that occurs with symptoms such as swelling, redness and bleeding in the gums during pregnancy.
  • Pregnancy tumour: This rare condition manifests itself with swelling and tenderness in the gums.
Ways to Protect Oral and Dental Health during Pregnancy
  • Regular tooth brushing and flossing are important to maintain tooth and gum health.
  • Regular dental check-ups should be done to protect oral health.
  • A healthy eating habit should be developed and sugary and acidic foods should be avoided.
  • In addition to oral hygiene, extra calcium and vitamin C intake should be taken care of during pregnancy.
Dental Treatment During Pregnancy

In case of oral and dental health problems during pregnancy, treatment should be planned by considering the effects of this situation on the health of mother and baby. While non-urgent treatments can usually be left until after pregnancy, a dentist should be consulted in case of emergency.

Frequently Asked Questions About Oral and Dental Health During Pregnancy
How should dental care be during pregnancy?

Dental care during pregnancy should be as regular and attentive as in normal times. It is important to brush your teeth at least twice a day, use dental floss and clean your tongue.

Can dental treatment be performed during pregnancy?

Yes, dental treatment can be performed during pregnancy. However, it should be planned by taking into account the risks and benefits of treatments, especially in the first three months.

How can dental caries and bad breath be prevented during pregnancy?

Precautions such as adopting healthy eating habits, avoiding sugary and acidic foods, regular tooth brushing and flossing can be taken.

What is pregnancy gingivitis and how is it treated?

Pregnancy gingivitis is a condition that manifests itself with symptoms such as swelling, redness and bleeding in the gums during pregnancy. Treatment can be done with regular dentist checks and dental cleaning.

How does dental health during pregnancy affect baby health?

Poor oral and dental health during pregnancy can lead to complications such as the risk of premature birth. Therefore, it is important to take care of oral and dental health during pregnancy.

How often should a dental check-up be performed during pregnancy?

Dental check-ups during pregnancy should be performed once in every trimester. In these checks, teeth and gums are examined in detail and treatment is planned if necessary.

Which foods should be consumed for dental health during pregnancy?

It is important to consume foods rich in calcium and vitamin C for dental health during pregnancy. Dairy products, green vegetables, fruits and nuts can meet this need.

How can bad breath be eliminated during pregnancy?

Bad breath during pregnancy can be eliminated by regular tooth brushing, flossing, tongue cleaning and using mouthwash.

Can tooth extraction be performed during pregnancy?

Tooth extraction during pregnancy can usually be performed in emergencies. However, tooth extraction may be risky in certain periods of pregnancy, so the treatment plan should be made by the doctor.

Are dental implants and other major dental treatments possible during pregnancy?

Major dental treatments such as dental implants are usually postponed during pregnancy. In emergency cases, the risks and benefits are evaluated by the doctor and a decision is made.

Oral and dental health during pregnancy is an important issue that affects the general health of the mother and the baby. Therefore, it is important to pay attention to oral and dental health during pregnancy and not to neglect regular dental check-ups.