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  5. Tooth Sensitivity: Causes and Treatment

Tooth Sensitivity: Causes and Treatment

Tooth sensitivity is a feeling of pain or discomfort when in contact with hot, cold, sweet or sour foods and drinks. Many people experience this condition and it can negatively affect daily life. In this article, we will discuss the causes, symptoms, treatment options and preventive methods of tooth sensitivity.

Why Does Tooth Sensitivity Occur?

Worn Tooth Enamel Layer: The enamel layer of the teeth can wear down over time. This can lead to exposure of the tooth roots and increased sensitivity.

Gum Recession: Gum recession can lead to exposure of the root surfaces of the teeth and increased sensitivity. Gum recession can have many causes, including poor brushing technique, gum disease and genetic factors.

Tooth decay: Tooth decay can penetrate the enamel layer of the teeth and reach the inside of the tooth. In this case, dental nerves may show sensitivity.

Teeth Clenching and Grinding: Nighttime clenching or grinding can cause the teeth to wear down and damage the enamel layer. This can lead to tooth sensitivity.

Acidic Food and Drinks: Acidic foods and drinks can erode the enamel layer of the teeth and cause sensitivity.

Toothache and Infections: Toothache and infections are another common cause of tooth sensitivity. In this case, the enamel layer of the teeth weakens and sensitivity increases.

Symptoms of Tooth Sensitivity

  • Pain or discomfort when in contact with hot, cold, sweet or sour foods and drinks
  • Pain during tooth brushing or flossing
  • Redness or tenderness of the gums
  • Pain or discomfort after brushing teeth or mouthwash
  • Treatment of Tooth Sensitivity

Fluoride Application: The dentist may recommend special products or gels containing fluoride to strengthen tooth enamel.

Use of Sensitive Toothpaste: Sensitive toothpastes can help reduce tooth sensitivity. Such pastes contain special ingredients that will strengthen the enamel layer of the teeth.

Tooth Filling: In cases of sensitivity caused by tooth decay or fractures, the dentist may apply a filling.

Tartar Cleaning: Tartar can cause recession of the gums. The dentist can help reduce sensitivity by removing tartar.

Root Canal Treatment: If tooth sensitivity is caused by a tooth root infection, root canal treatment may be required.

Tooth Sensitivity Prevention Methods

Regular Dental Care: Brush and floss your teeth at least twice a day.

Careful Diet Selection: Avoid acidic and sugary foods and follow a balanced diet.

Control Teeth Clenching and Grinding: If you have a habit of clenching or grinding your teeth, contact your dentist and get the appropriate treatment.

Regular Dental Checkups: Regular visits to your dentist will help you diagnose and treat potential problems early.

Tooth sensitivity can negatively affect your quality of life. However, with the right treatment and precautions, this condition can be controlled and you can continue your daily activities comfortably. If you are experiencing tooth sensitivity, you can find out the appropriate treatment options by consulting a dentist.